Dengue Symptoms and Prevention – Everything you Need to Know

Almost 40% of the world population resides in areas which are prone to dengue fever. Dengue, a flu-like illness, plagues nearly 400 million individuals across the world. The phenomenon is dominantly seen in tropical and subtropical areas which include Asia, Africa, some portions of the Americas, and the Caribbean Islands constituting a total of 128 countries.

In early records, the occurrence of dengue was noted merely by fever. All the same, within 50 years its repercussions have escalated to death. Earlier in 2015, dengue claimed the lives of 220 individuals in India. Although the number represents only a minor portion of the total number of dengue victims (close to 1 Lakh), it is still considerable.

Given the wide prevalence in India, it is imperative to learn about the dengue symptoms as a precautionary measure towards preventing it. 

Symptoms of dengue fever

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by four types of viruses or serotypes. Primarily two kinds of mosquitos carry these viruses – Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. These mosquitos thrive in water-logged and damp areas. 

Dengue fever is mainly classified into three types viz. mild dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome. 

Dengue fever symptoms can be noticed 4 – 7 days from the mosquito bite. This time frame is called the incubation period. 

  • Symptoms of mild dengue fever

Mild dengue fever is the most common form of dengue and is widely prevalent. The dengue symptoms for the same are – 

  1. Vomiting. 
  2. Muscle and joint aches. 
  3. Swollen glands. 
  4. High fever. 
  5. Inconsistent rash occurrences on the body. 
  6. Pain in eye sockets. 
  7. Nauseating. 

In most cases, mild dengue fever takes 7 days from the mosquito bite to exhibit symptoms. 

  • Symptoms for dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)

Dengue haemorrhagic fever or DHF is a deadly form of dengue. It is mostly seen in toddlers near the age of 10. The signs and symptoms of dengue haemorrhagic fever are listed below – 

  1. Clammy or damp skin. 
  2. Stomach sensitivity. 
  3. Pulse is weakened. 
  4. Blood spots underneath the skin. 
  5. Damage in lymph and blood vessels. 
  6. Blackened stool and vomit due to internal bleeding. 
  7. Fall in platelet count. 
  8. Nose, mouth, and gums bleeding. 

Initially, DHF exhibits symptoms similar to mild dengue fever and gradually escalates to these signs mentioned above. DHF requires prompt hospitalisation to recover. Its treatment incurs significant costs relevant to diagnosis, hospitalisation, and medicines. You can cover these expenses with Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions like Dengue Insurance cover offered by reputed financial institutions such as Bajaj Finserv. 

  • Symptoms for dengue shock syndrome

Dengue shock syndrome (DSS), like DHF, is a severe form of dengue that can result in death. DSS also exhibits syndrome akin to mild dengue fever initially. 

The symptoms for DSS are – 

  • Severe pain in the abdominal region. 
  • Disorientation. 
  • Leakage of fluid in blood vessels. 
  • Regular vomiting. 
  • Blood pressure fall and subsequent faintness. 
  • Stomach ache. 

Preventive measures of dengue

Prevention of dengue fever depends highly on the maintenance of cleanliness and hygiene in your nearby areas along with personal precautions. 

Don’ts – 

  1. Allow water logging near your house or your society. 
  2. Keep open vessels near the house which may collect and store water. 
  3. Go out if you are displaying dengue symptoms or are diagnosed with dengue. Mosquitos will attain the virus from you and infect other individuals. 

Dos –

  1. Wear full-sleeved t-shirts at all times if anyone in your area was recently diagnosed with dengue. 
  2. Apply mosquito repellent whenever going out. 

There exists no vaccination for dengue. Also, there is no specific anti-viral to counter dengue virus. The basic dengue treatment involves general bed rest, analgesics, and hydration.

In case you notice symptoms seen in DHF or DSS, you need to immediately hospitalise yourself or the infected family member. Depending on the severity, the treatment may take almost 10 days. You can avail Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions like Hospital Cash cover from Bajaj Finserv for the purpose of reimbursement on hospitalisation expenses.